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Thyroid Eye Disease Background

Thyroid eye disease has many other names, including Graves' eye disease, thyroid associated orbitopathy, Graves' ophthalmopathy.

This review article authored by Dr. Shannon S. Joseph provides a comprehensive review of what we know and understand about the pathophysiology of thyroid eye disease.

In short, thyroid eye disease develops as a result of complex interactions among various molecules in the body including cell receptors, autoantibodies, immune cells, and other inflammatory molecules. These abnormal changes lead to the enlargement of the muscles and fat within the eye socket.



Schedule a Consultation

Dr. Shannon S. Joseph is a board certified oculofacial plastic surgeon with extensive experience in thyroid eye disease.  Our practice serves patients in Southeastern Michigan with many patients who are from Birmingham, Bloomfield, West Bloomfield, Troy, Rochester, and the Rochester Hills areas. Dr. Joseph also frequently takes care of patients who travel from other parts of the country to see her. Do you have or think you may suffer from thyroid eye disease and would like a comprehensive evaluation and develop a customized treatment plan tailored specifically to you and your eyes? Contact us to schedule a consultation.